Best Alba Iulia attractions
Visit the,, Other Capital of Romania’’
Alba Iulia tells the story of a city with a millennial history. This city is much more than it seems at first sight. With a troubled, martyrical and glorious past, there is no other city that better emphasizes the ideals of unity and identity of Romanians throughout the centuries. The history of the city of Alba Iulia urges respect, consideration and remembrance of the people and deeds that made and maintained the Romanian nation and state.
There are plenty of tourist attractions and places full of legends, history and traditions, here is a list of some things you can visit.
Alba Carolina Fortress is the largest fortress in Romania and one of the most important Vauban fortresses in central and south-eastern Europe wich was perfectly preserved over 300 years.
Over the years the fortress has been rehabilitated with Eu and national funds and became a modern tourist attraction where visitors can breathe the air of history.
The fortress has a central fort and 7 bastions with unique baroque gates in Europe, and inside the 12 kilometers of walls of the fortress, the visitor can benefit from an authentic history lesson. It is the main attraction, the most known and most exciting place from Alba Iulia.
One of the aspects that make the Alba Carolina Fortress unique is the succession of the six gates located on the east-west axis, on the south flank of the fort. It is worth following the Route of the Citadel Gates, which takes you from Gate I, which is in the East, to Gate VI, which is at the West. That is, the route that takes you through the Law of the Union Hall, the National Union Museum, the Palace of the Princes of Transylvania and the right of the two cathedrals, the Roman-Catholic Cathedral and the Coronation Cathedral. A good opportunity to decipher the architectural style and the sculptural decoration.
Râpa Roșie (Romanian for “red ravine”) is a protected area, a natural monument of national interest in Alba County, Romania. It is a geological and botanical reserve, located in the extreme southwest of the Secaşelor Plateau on the right bank of the Secașul Mare, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Sebeș. With a size of approximately 24 hectares, the reserve is classified as IUCN Category III. Erosion and runoff has given it a prominent, sharp rocky appearance in the mountainside. Râpa Roșie itself measures approximately 10 hectares in size.
Râpa Roșie stretches over a length of 800 metres (2,600 ft). Its height measures between 50–125 metres (164–410 ft) (300–425 metres (984–1,394 ft) absolute altitude). A huge wall, almost vertical, gives the impression of a ruined ancestral monument. Tiered columns and pyramids, separated by ravines, form a badlands microrelief. The first report of a Coţofeni culture find at Râpa Roşie was made by Fr. W. Schuster in 1865. It was the first archaeological exploration made by him which revealed remnants of large and small pottery that had ornamentation, which also attested to the Coţofeni culture.
Saint Michael’s Cathedral of Alba Iulia is considered the most important monument or Romanesque architecture in Transylvania.
It was built between 1247 and 1291 being the oldest and the longest cathedral in Romania (at 89.16 m measured along its axis).
The cathedral contains the tombs of several royal figures from the history of Transylvania like the sarcophagi of John Hunyadi, his first son Ladislaus Hunyadi, as well as those of the princes Kendi Ferenc and Kendi Antal. The northern lateral nave serves as place of rest for queen Isabella Jagiellon and for her son, John Sigismund, the first prince of Transylvania
Museum of Alba Iulia
The National Museum of Unification at Alba Iulia stands in the centre of the old citadel of Alba Carolina, as a permanent reminder of the events that marked the vast history of the city. It consists in two buildings facing each other, both dating from the second half of the 19th century: the “Babylon” building and the Union Hall.
The “Babylon” building is remarkable due to its particular military air, rendered by the bulwarks and small decorative corner towers right underneath the sloping roof.
Right across the street, the Union Hall was built as a military club in 1898-1900, this being the place where, on the 1st of December 1918, the 1228 delegates voted for the Unification of Transylvania with Romania, hence its name.
Things to do and places to visit
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